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c-11 - 2 central components to theory 1 Content what one...

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SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY The means to engage in crime include: 1. Not only Opportunity Structures (as in Strain Theory) 2. But also Learning Structures Learning : Habits and knowledge that develop as a result of experiences of an individual entering and adjusting to the environment Differential Association Theory Edwin H. Sutherland (a Hoosier Original) IU sociologist, and founder of our department! Developed as a reaction to strain and subcultural theories, which focus on acts of certain segments of the population. Crime is also prevalent in upper and middle classes as well as lower classes. A theory of crime must explain both "common crime" and "white-collar crime."
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Unformatted text preview: 2 central components to theory : 1. Content: what one learns--techniques, motives, etc. 2. Process: how one learns--the manner in which content is learned. The process is the same for all--however, the content may be different. Problems 1. What accounts for the origins of crime, or situations which lead to dissatisfaction with the law? Answer : social disorganization and culture conflict. 2. Terms difficult to test. 3. What associations must one have to learn crime? Not necessary to associate with criminals. Absence of favorable definitions may foster crime....
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