11 & 12 Ministry in Galilee 1 pp 90-103

11 & 12 Ministry in Galilee 1 pp 90-103 -...

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    LIFE: Ministry in Galilee 1 The Disciples Jesus as Rabbi (teacher) Perhaps one way of understanding Jesus  during his ministry Not yet the later technical meaning of “rabbi” as  a certified Jewish teacher in the period after 90  CE Jesus as charismatic prophet like  Elijah   and  Elisha (800s BCE)
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    LIFE: Ministry in Galilee 2 The Disciples Ideally, those who left their everyday life to  follow Jesus and to preach the coming of the  Kingdom of God But also occasional “disciples” who provided  hospitality and who attended Jesus when he  was in their neighborhood Duties of discipleship Proclaim the coming of the Kingdom of God Ideally, abandon everything to follow Jesus as he  traveled around preaching
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    LIFE: Ministry in Galilee 3 The Twelve “The Twelve” are also called “The Apostles,”  but the term is also used by Paul for himself A few others in the New Testament are called  “apostles,” perhaps emphasizing the root of the  word “apostle” which means “one sent” The list of the names of the Twelve are (mostly)  uniform, so they very likely go back to the time  of Jesus himself The Twelve symbolize the twelve tribes of a  renewed Israel
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    LIFE: Ministry in Galilee 4 The Twelve are the foundational witnesses of Jesus and  his ministry for the later church, but the title apostle is not  used for church office after the first century Note the appointment of Matthias to replace Judas  (according to Acts 1:16-26) in the early church Peter always comes first in the list of the Twelve and is  pictured as the leader of the group Peter, James and John seem to form a prominent group  within the Twelve All of the Twelve seem to be from Galilee, except for  Judas who seems to be from Judea There are two groups of brothers: Peter and Andrew,  and James and John (sons of Zebedee)
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  LIFE: Ministry in Galilee 5 The Gospel of John mentions the existence of the  Twelve, but never lists them For John, a mysterious “Beloved Disciple” seems to be  especially important Traditionally the Beloved Disciple was considered to be the  John mentioned among the Twelve Today the Beloved Disciple is more often considered to be  a disciple (not one of the Twelve) who was especially  important for the community from which the Gospel of John  eventually came The appointment of the Twelve by Jesus seems very  likely historical Why would early Christians create a list with Judas in it? The idea of the Twelve is in both John and the synoptics
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11 & 12 Ministry in Galilee 1 pp 90-103 -...

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