Theo Final - Chapter 14 1. What are the uncertainties about...

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1. What are the uncertainties about Jesus’ “cleansing” of the Temple? At one level Jesus was making a protest against the commercialism surround Temple worship but in another sense it has been suggested that in called the Temple “a house of prayer” Jesus was advocating an end to the institution’s sacrifical practices. Though the gospels do not suggest Jesus was opposed to sacrifices. Jesus may have shared Isaiah’s outlook that the Temple would be replaced by a new, purified institution. 2. What is the basic, historical core of the cleansing of the Temple stories? It was a way of rebelling against the lavishness of the temple. 3. Why is this story probably not evidence that Jesus was a revolutionary? If this was the case then this would have provoked an immediate intervention by the Temple’s own police force or by the Roman troops stationed in the nearby Antonia fortress. Also this would have led to a round-up of all Jesus’ followers. 4. What are the problems about the connection of the Last Supper with the Jewish Passover? Synoptists picture a Passover Seder but John pictures Jesus dying as a Passover sacrificial lamb on the eve of Passover. 5. How is the Last Supper connected with Christian Holy Communion ceremonies? It is commemorating the new covenant. 6. Why is Peter’s denial of Jesus when he was arrested very likely historical? It is unlikely they invented such an unflattering story about one of the Church’s leading figures. 7. What is likely to be the essential role of Judas in Jesus’ arrest? He showed them where Jesus could be found. 8. Who arrested Jesus? It was Temple police and possibly roman soldiers Chapter 15 1. How much of the gospel text treats of Jesus’ Passion? 20% 2. What argues for the early origin of the story of the Passion? The fact that all four gospels basic story is the same. 3. What trials do the synoptic gospels describe? They record two consecutive trials and condemnations of Jesus, one before the igh priest and Sanhedrin, or council, and one before Pontius Pilate. 4. What were the respective roles of Jewish and Roman authorities in the trials? The Romans would only consider political offenses, not religious and were only ones that could impose capital punishment. 5. What was the accusation of the High Priest against Jesus in the Jewish trial? Blasphemy 6. Why might the Sanhedrin have condemned Jesus as a false prophet? Jesus did miracles by the power of demons and was tempting them to follow false prophet 7. What was Pilate’s reason for executing Jesus? To maintain public order 8. Why would Pilate be concerned about a crowd calling for Jesus’ death? He wants remain public order, did not want any uprisings. 9.
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Theo Final - Chapter 14 1. What are the uncertainties about...

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