Introduction to Fibers for Non-BFA Students Fall 2009 About Weaving Weaving is the process of interlacing fibers at right angles. It consists of 2 yarns: the vertical warpyarn and the horizontal weft yarn. Typically done on a loom, the warp yarns are put on the loom first (warping the loom), and then the weft yarns are woven into them. Weaving can be warp-faced(most of what you see is the warp yarn—less typical), balanced(you see both the warp and weft), or weft-faced(most of what you see is the weft yarn). The balanced or weft-faced weaves, or some variation between the two, are most common. Weaving can also have a pattern based on the number of warp yarns covered. Plain weave is under-over-under-over. Twill weaves go under-under-over-over-under-under, and then alternate so the next row is under-over-over-under-under-over(or some variation of the number of overs and unders). This creates a diagonal line in the weaving. You have seen twill weaves
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Weaving, Joseph Marie Jacquard, warp yarns, intricate patterns, vertical warp yarn, horizontal weft yarn