Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Fibers for Non BFA Students All About Fibers Today’s Chemistry Lesson You probably didn’t realize that fibers involved chemistry, but they do. Another reason to pay attention in Chem 101! Most fibers can be categorized into one of 3 categories: Plant-based fibers, including cotton, linen, flax, hemp, and rayon. Plant-based fibers consist of cellulose, a polymer of glucose (polysaccharide) molecules cross-linked to one another This is a basic material to the cell wall-—a feature unique to the plant kingdom and NOT present in animals. Not all plant-based fibers are “natural” —rayon is a synthetic (man made) fiber, but it is plant based because it is made from sawdust that is treated and extruded into a fiber. Modern technology is adding other fibers like rayon; these include bamboo, Tencel and soy-based fibers. Some bamboo fiber is made from raw bamboo fibers spun like linen or flax, while other bamboo fiber is made by processing the plant fiber into cellulose and extruding it like rayon. Other like linen or flax, while other bamboo fiber is made by processing the plant fiber into cellulose and extruding it like rayon....
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course BFA 2304 taught by Professor Scott during the Fall '09 term at Temple.
- Fall '09