ELEMENTS OF FICTION

ELEMENTS OF FICTION - PLOT - The plot is how the author...

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PLOT -- The plot is how the author arranges events to develop his basic idea; It is the sequence of events in a story or play. The plot is a planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end. The short story usually has one plot so it can be read in one sitting. There are five essential parts of plot: a) Introduction - The beginning of the story where the characters and the setting is revealed. INCITING INCIDENT is the first conflict that starts the rising action. b) Rising Action - This is where the events in the story become complicated and the conflict in the story is revealed (events between the introduction and climax). c) Climax - This is the highest point of interest and the turning point of the story. The reader wonders what will happen next; will the conflict be resolved or not? It is helpful to consider climax as a three-fold phenomenon: i. the main character receives new information ii. accepts this information (realizes it but does not necessarily agree with it) iii. acts on this information (makes a choice that will determine whether or not he/she gains his objective). d) Falling action - The events and complications begin to resolve themselves. The reader knows what has happened next and if the conflict was resolved or not (events between climax and denouement). e) Denouement - This is the final outcome or untangling of events in the story. CHARACTER -- There are two meanings for the word character: 1) The person in a work of fiction. 2) The characteristics of a person. Persons in a work of fiction - Antagonist and Protagonist Short stories use few characters. One character is clearly central to the story with all major events having some importance to this character - he/she is the PROTAGONIST. The opposer of the main character is called the ANTAGONIST. The Characteristics of a Person -
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ELEMENTS OF FICTION - PLOT - The plot is how the author...

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