CH 40 Animal Structure and Function

CH 40 Animal Structure and Function - Anatomy: The study if...

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Anatomy: The study if the structure of an organism Physiology: The study of the function an organism performs
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Form relates to function
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Physical Laws Constrain Animal Form Hydrodynamics Gas exchange Diffusion (lg s.a. to vol. ratio)
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Fusiform Shape and Streamlining Evolutionary Convergence
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Fig. 40-3 Exchange 0.15 mm a) Single cell 1.5 mm (b) Two layers of cells Exchange Exchange Mouth Gastrovascular cavity Exchange within the environment
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Internal exchange surfaces in complex animals
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carbon atom organ system DNA molecule organelle cell tissue organ organism population community ecosystem biosphere
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Major Tissue Types Epithelial Tissue Connective Tissue Muscle Tissue Nervous Tissue Tissues are groups of cells with a common function.
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Epithelia comes in 2 forms: 1. Glandular epithelia 2. Membranous epithelia Functions: Protection Absorption Filtration Excretion Secretion Sensory reception
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Ducted glands Most have supportive connective tissue, secretory unit, blood supply, nerves Ex. pancreas, sweat glands, salivary, sebaceous, mammary glands Merocrine gland
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Goblet cells
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Secretes product directly directly in blood Pituitary Hypothalamus Thyroid Adrenal Pancreas Thymus Pineal
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2011 for the course BIOL 172 taught by Professor Huddleston,m during the Spring '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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CH 40 Animal Structure and Function - Anatomy: The study if...

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