ASAN 312 (Pollard)
Contemporary Asian Civilizations
27 January 2009
Historical globalizations in Asia:
Ancient, modern and contemporary
Reference for review.
Review Aat Vervourn,
Re Orient: Change in Asian Societies
ed., Chapter 1. And see the
downloadable chapter outline (handout).
: When did globalizations begin? To answer that question, one first must be clear in one’s mind about what one
. Unsurprisingly, the starting point and initial impulses for historical globalization is controversial. For
example, globalization may, variously be understood as beginning with the Silk Route between China and Rome two millennia ago,
late-fifteenth-century European imperial colonizers, the end of World War II or even more recently. In most cases, globalization-
in Asia and elsewhere may be characterized as
circling, i.e., global, in their reach, or if not geographically global, then reaching very large parts of the human-inhabited world.
In the chart on page 2 of this handout, the major foci or domains of globalization may be understood as movements
type or another. Depending on what aspects of globalization fascinate or irritate you, one could argue that these domains overlap.
Also, the examples are illustrative—not exhaustive. Moreover, since interdependence is a hallmark
of any kind of globalization, some
examples may be placed in one domain rather than another. A complete list of examples, trends and countertrends is vast.