23._Struggle_for_Iran_Revised_F09

23._Struggle_for_Iran_Revised_F09 - 23. Struggle for Iran 1...

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1 23. Struggle for Iran
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2 Reza Pahlavi, resolute, towering figure commander of the Persian Cossack’s Seized power in Iran during 1920s Brought order & subjugated the mullahs (deadly enemies from Middle Ages) Suspected Nazi sympathizer During late 1941 Russians & British replaced him with his son, Mohammed Died in exile in 1944 in South Africa
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3 Mohammed Pahlavi In his father’s shadow At age six entrusted to a French governess At age 12 sent to school in Switzerland a little too Westernized for an Oriental country Perceived weak, indecisive and inadequate wrt his father My sister Ashraf (twin) asked me yesterday whether I was a man or a mouse .” Role of monarchy very much in question Chronic foreign intervention Mullahs on the right & communist & Tudeh party on the left; in between-reformers, nationalists, republicans and military
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4 Political Culture in Iran Chaotic & phantasmagoric, British diplomat said “ Deputies expect to be bribed .” The one uniting factor in Iran: English as supernatural devils, blamed for all ills Big target: Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. The battle over rents Anglo-Iranian profit between 1949-1950(£250m) The British government tax revenue was more than Iranian royalties (£90m) Poor conditions in Iranian economy
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5 The Last Chance… Shah survived an assassination attempt in February 1949 (dodged 6 shots) Used incident to impose martial law Brought back his father’s body for state funeral Americans had a political interest in Iran; they didn’t want it to fall into Soviet hands. George McGhee, US representative Wanted to save the British from themselves Anglo-Iranian eventually conceded and sought renegotiations with Iran in 1949. Large hike in royalties and big lump-sum payment
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6 The Implacable British The Iranian government rejected the new concessions and the Prime Minister resigned. New Prime Minister was Ali Razmara, a former military academy student. North Korea invaded South Korea in June of
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23._Struggle_for_Iran_Revised_F09 - 23. Struggle for Iran 1...

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