27._Hydrocarbon_Man_Revised_S10

27._Hydrocarbon_Man_Revised_S10 - 1 27. Hydrocarbon Man 2...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 27. Hydrocarbon Man 2 The Explosion Post WW II oil use was exploding due to: Economic and income growth Increased standard of living (homes, cars, appliances) Huge increase in automobiles (bigger is better!) Increased use of plastics Decreasing oil prices Exporting countries demanded more and more production. Consumption more than tripled from 1949-1972 Conversion to jet planes, diesel locomotives & heating oil 3 Coal vs. Oil Coal had been the prevalent source of energy prior to WW II. But after that oil quickly began to replace it. Oil was abundant & lower cost Oil was more environmentally attractive Coal had labor problems/Strikes (led by combative president of United Mine Workers, John L. Lewis) Served as powerful invitation to find substitute for coal (i.e., Oil) Venezuelan oil man: We ought to take up a public subscription throughout Venezuela to erect a statue of John L. Lewis in Caracas to honor him as one of the great benefactors and heroes to the Venezuelan oil industry . 4 Energy Abroad Europe began to move towards oil when there was a shortage of coal after WWII. Oil was better for the environment, played prominent role in Europe, Coal had contributed to the Killer Fogs of London. 1957 Clean Air Act by Parliament favored oil Biggest force promoting switch from coal was however cost; oil prices were going down 1955 (Coal-75% energy use); 1972 (Coal 22 %) Japan, no longer poor Slower than Europe in shift to oil Refineries and oil infrastructure destroyed Not till 1949 did US permit oil refineries...
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27._Hydrocarbon_Man_Revised_S10 - 1 27. Hydrocarbon Man 2...

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