17._Germany_s_Formula_for_War_Revised_S0

17._Germany_s_Formula_for_War_Revised_S0 - 17. Germanys...

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1 17. Germany’s Formula for War
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2 Oil in World War II Access to oil was critical Logistics & FUEL were critical Synthetic oil production
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3 Hitler: Chancellor in Jan 1933 Hitler’s vision of the new Germany Envisioned autobahns Limited-access highways 1934: Volkswagen – “the people’s car” Wished to subordinate all of Europe to the Nazi Reich and himself Independent oil supply was vital
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4 Germany: World Leader in Chemistry Friedrich Bergius 1913, hydrogenation to produce high-grade liquid fuel from coal I.G. Farben patented the rights to it in 1926 Fischer-Tropsch process but wasn’t as successful Syn gas to synthetic oil
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5 Nazi Support of Synthetic Fuels I.G. Farben Large commitment to synthetic fuels Nazis rallied against it They convinced Hitler that synthetic fuels would cut Germany’s dependence on foreign oil Hitler bought their argument Coal supplied 90% of Germany’s energy, while oil only accounted for 5%
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6 Standard NJ and I.G. Farben Standard Oil of NJ Formed an agreement with I.G. Farben But had no need to produce synthetic fuels Each to stay out of the other’s main fields of activity Standard would use hydrogenation to increase In 1929, the two companies agreement: Standard had patent rights outside of Germany In exchange, I.G. Farben would receive 2% of Standard’s stock
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7 Hydrogenation Receives Highest Accolade 1931: Bergius and Bosch shared Nobel Prize in chemistry Synthetic oil cost was ten times as much as imported gasoline Needed further development and political support Discovered its market: the Luftwaffe (Air Force)
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8 Dangers of foreign oil dependency Hitler lessons on dangers of depending on foreign oil Oct 1935: Italy invaded Ethiopia, Mussolini almost faced an oil embargo The “hated” Bolsheviks owned a large chain of
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course EGEE 120 taught by Professor Considine,timothy during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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17._Germany_s_Formula_for_War_Revised_S0 - 17. Germanys...

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