16._Japan_s_Road_to_War_Revised_S08

16._Japan_s_Road_to_War_Revised_S08 - 16.JapansRoadtoWar 1...

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1 16. Japan’s Road to War
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2 Some Major Themes Oil as a central element in strategy But not really cause of the war Other motivations for the war Poor economic conditions opening the  door to despots Lessons from history for today Access to oil is important But sea lanes can be blocked easily 
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3 The Rise of Nationalism in Japan Japan military came to dominate the gov’t Japan embarked on a course of imperial  expansion in East Asia  Provoked China with minimum damage to South  Manchurian Railway and blamed it on China  Wished to block other Western powers “Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” Several reasons for this shift: Vulnerability due to its lack of natural resources Extreme nationalism Mystical belief in the superiority of Japanese culture “The Imperial Way”
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4 Ultranationalism Prime Minister Osachi  Hamaguchi won a large  election victory in Feb  1930 Favored an extension  of the naval treaty with  U.S. and Britain Assassinated Ultranationalism took  hold
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5 National Defense State Japan organized a new puppet state in  Manchuria – Manchukuo (“Japan’s life line”) Deposed Chinese emperor, Pu Yi, as its  figurehead After being reprimanded for its actions, Japan  left the League of Nations Rejected liberalism, capitalism, and  democracy Believed that there was nothing more noble  than to die in battle for the Emperor Sought to establish a “national defense state” Strategy based on German failure in WWI  from lack of resources (oil)
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6 Japan’s Lack of Oil Produced only 7% of oil  it consumed Imported the rest: 80% from the U.S. 10% from the Dutch East 
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16._Japan_s_Road_to_War_Revised_S08 - 16.JapansRoadtoWar 1...

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