1._Introduction___Early_Days_Revised_S08

1._Introduction___Early_Days_Revised_S08 - 1. Oil on the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1. Oil on the Brain The Beginning
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Major Themes Idea of switch-point, transition from whale oil to petroleum Technological innovation is key Boom phenomenon – role of profits Backside is a bust Pennsylvania, 1860-1890, the dominant oil producing region in the world
Background image of page 2
3 The Impetus: Demand for Light Productivity gains from light Many different fuels Animal grease Vegetable fat Camphene Town gas Whale oil Whale oil was the highest quality
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Depletion of Whales Whale population had been exhausted in the Atlantic Whalers had to continue to travel exceedingly far distances into the Pacific Prices climbed to $2.50 per gallon ($25 / gallon in today’s dollars) Entrepreneurs had an incentive to find a substitute
Background image of page 4
5 Backstop Technology: Kerosene Dr. Abraham Gesner Developed a process for extracting an oil from asphalt & refining it into a high quality illuminating oil He named this oil: Kerosene Keros and elaion: Greek for wax and oil, then changed elaion to ene to make it sound familiar to camphene By 1859: About 34 companies in the U.S. were producing $5 million a year worth of kerosene from coal & other sources Eastern Europe was also beginning to produce crude, from which kerosene was obtained; during 1859 about 36,000 barrels had been produced
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 The Rise of Kerosene The spread of kerosene in the 1850’s faced two significant barriers: No substantial source of supply No cheap lamp well-suited to burning kerosene available Both of these factors were overcome by: Import of the Vienna lamp by a New York salesman The visions of George Bissell
Background image of page 6
7 George Bissell The driving force behind the creation of the modern oil industry as we now know it. He knew that oil was flammable and conceived that it could be used as a high quality illuminant. Saw an advertisement for
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course EGEE 120 taught by Professor Considine,timothy during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Page1 / 25

1._Introduction___Early_Days_Revised_S08 - 1. Oil on the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online