Comparing and Contrasting Religious Ideas in Buddhism and Hinduism.edited.docx

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COMPARING AND CONTRASTING RELIGIOUS IDEAS IN BUDDHISM AND HINDUISM Name: Course: Date:
Comparing and Contrasting Religious Ideas in Buddhism and Hinduism Buddhism and Hinduism both emerged from the Ganges tradition of Northern India. They share a lot of similarities concerning their religious beliefs and practices. Both religions adhere to concepts such as Samsara and Nirvana. Despite the similarities shared in the belief of Samsara and Nirvana, there exist striking differences in the religious practices of Buddhists and Hindus concerning the two concepts. The two religions believe in the concept of samsara. It refers to the unbroken cycle of life, death and rebirth from which believers' desire liberation. The term means "to wander". Both religions believe that samsara is the continual reincarnation of beings. Birth, aging, sickness and death characterize the life pattern of most beings. After death, depending on a person's karma, one is reborn into another life either as a human or in any other form (Eliot, 2019). The reincarnation depends on how good or evil a person was during life. Karma is thus the leading cause of samsara, and the determinant factor of the form one takes in the next life. However, a few details on the causality, beliefs, and practice of samsara differ between the two religions. First, they differ in the causality of samsara. In Hinduism, the reincarnation is caused by illusions of life. Hindus call the illusions Maya. They believe that the illusions cloud a person's judgment and reasoning in the course of life and lead to bad decisions. For instance, illusions make people feel autonomous rather than admitting the relationship between themselves and the reality of life.

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