1. What is the term for metabolic pathways that release stored energy by breaking down complex molecules? a. anabolic pathways b. catabolic pathways c. fermentation pathways d. thermodynamic pathways e. bioenergetic pathways 2. What is the term used for the metabolic pathway in which glucose (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) is degraded to carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water? a. cellular respiration b. glycolysis c. fermentation d. citric acid cycle e. oxidative phosphorylation 3. The molecule that functions as the reducing agent (electron donor) in a redox or oxidation-reduction reaction a. gains electrons and gains energy. b. loses electrons and loses energy. c. gains electrons and loses energy. d. loses electrons and gains energy. e. neither gains nor loses electrons, but gains or loses energy. 4. Why does the oxidation of organic compounds by molecular oxygen to produce CO2 and water release free energy?
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