Chapter 3 Macromolecules

Chapter 3 Macromolecules - d. Important sugars: e....

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Chapter 3: Macromolecules I. Condensation and Hydrolysis Reactions a. Condensation (dehydration): water is and monomers b. Hydrolysis: water is and monomers are II. PROTEINS a. Monomer: b. Linkage (bonding): c. Functions: Structure, Support, Enzymes, Defense, Transport, etc. d. Amino Acid—components e. Primary (1˚) structure: sequence f. Secondary (2˚) structure: g. Tertiary (3˚) Structure: polypeptide and (3-D shape) i. Interaction between R groups: many ways (ionic, hydrophobic, van der waals, etc). 1. example: disulfide bridges between amino acids. h. Quaternary Structure (4˚): 2 or more coming together. III. CARBOHYDRATES. a. Monomer: b. Linkage: c. Functions: Energy source, Support, Cell-recognition, DNA/RNA structure.
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Unformatted text preview: d. Important sugars: e. Polysaccharides: IV. NUCLEIC ACIDS a. Monomer: b. Linkage: c. Functions: store genetic information, play a role in protein synthesis. d. Components: e. Nitrogenous Bases: f. DNA: stranded; Base pairing rules: g. RNA: stranded; Base pairing rules: V. LIPIDS a. Fatty Acids: composed of a hydrocarbon chain i. Saturated: Double bonds present? Yes No ii. Unsaturated: Double bonds present? Yes No b. Fats and Oils (Triglycerides) i. 1 + 3 . ii. Store energy in fat tissue (adipose). c. Phospholipids i. 2 hydrophobic hydrocarbon and 1 hydrophilic phosphate...
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Chapter 3 Macromolecules - d. Important sugars: e....

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