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introduction understanding community-pt-2(1)

introduction understanding community-pt-2(1) - 112...

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112 UNDERSTANDING CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION human health in changing weather conditions are a clear indication that the community is effectively adapting. Anecdotal eVidence from Sakai shows that agricultural yields have improved since the project began. According to one of the farmers, an initial provision of 2 kg of good quality, drought-resistant maize seeds purchased by the project has yielded a huge Change in his livelihood. Using the knowledge and skills gained through training, as well as weather information provided through the project, he subsequently harvested 50 kg of maize at the end of the long rains season in 2007. Out of this harvest, he selected 6 kg of good quality seeds and planted them during the short rains of the same year. Out of this, he harvested 400 kg of maize. Since the completion of the first sand dam (Kwa Di so n) in mid-2007, community members have already begun to realize the benefits, such as potable water available in close proximity. This water has so far been used for domestic purposes and the cultivation of kitchen gardens. The farmers have also been recording data on the quantiti es of inputs and outputs used throughout the year. A follow-up household survey is due to be conducted at the end of the project, allowing comparison with the baseline data and thus clear eVidence of project impacts. To sustain and upscale adaptation projects successfully, it is crucial to involve relevant government ministries and agenCies in the project from inception. In the Sakai pilot project, the Arid Lands Resource Management Project, housed within the Ministry of Special Programmes, has been an instrumental partner. Through ALRMP, relevant government representatives have been engaged at .divisional and district levels. They have also enabled upscaling of interventions to other arid and semi-arid lands districts. ALRMP will also continue implementing project interventions in Sakai after the current funding phase ends. However, integration of climate change adaptation into national poliCies has so far been a major challenge. It has been noted that there are capacity constraints among the project team with respect to adoption and application of appropriate tools and methods of policy integration. Plans are under way to conduct relevant training on this including the use and application of tools such as cost-benefit analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis, multi-criteria analysis, and opportunities and risk of climate change and disasters (ORCHID), among others. Also, suitable avenues for integration of climate change adaptation into policy including National Env ironment Acti ~ lans, Poverty Reduction Strategies, and major development projects and programmes will be explored. Another challenge is the lengthy process of policy reView, and exogenous factors that affect policy change such as political interests and prevailing economic priorities. Currently, the Kenya Government acknowledges climate change as a Significant challenge to national development. A National Climate Change Office is
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