Ch3Cognitionnotes

Ch3Cognitionnotes - Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology...

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Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology Chapter 3 Attention
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Selective vs. Divided Attention Selective attention: Process one stimulus while ignoring another. Divided attention: Process both stimuli, by giving some attention to each. Shadowing: Dichotic listening task where input from one ear is repeated aloud. Selective attention to the shadowed message results in the ignored message not being perceived and remembered.
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Filter Theories: Early Selection Attentional filter operates after sensory processing but prior to meaningful semantic processing. Explains why ignored messages in shadowing task can’t be remembered—they were not semantically processed. Explains why sensory features of the ignored message (e.g., pitch) are processed and remembered.
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Filter Theories: Attenuation Failures of selective attention occasionally occur —for example, noticing one’s own name in the ignored message. An attenuation filter lowers the strength of the
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2011 for the course PSYCH 312 taught by Professor Kellogg during the Spring '11 term at Saint Louis.

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Ch3Cognitionnotes - Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology...

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