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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 2 A layered Approach to Intercultural Communication A) Social Ecological F rameworks Roots: 1) Social Ecological F ramework Model: Emphasizes that organisms are connected to their social and physical environment. 2) Individual communications is affected by individual attributes, but also by the cumulative effect of multiple physical, social, and cultural factors. 3) Perspective is interdisciplinary and incorporates different methods for understanding how the pieces of the puzzle fit. 4) Top-Down Effects: Cultural and Societal Layers shape individuals behavior. 5) Bottom-Up Effects: Focuses on how individual and interpersonal layers affect culture and organizational layers. B) Four Layers of Intercultural Communication 1) I ndividual layer: Focuses on beliefs, values and norms about a culture as well as the socialization from families and schools. 2) Ecological Fallacy: Assumption that what is true of the collective is t rue of all the individuals of the group. 3) Self-Construal: Ones self image and is composed of an individual and interdependent self....
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- Fall '07