PHL 344 general moral principles and arguments

PHL 344 general moral principles and arguments - PHL 344...

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PHL 344 Study Guide Dax’s case: burn victim who demanded to be allowed to die in 1973. Themes: refusal of life-saving treatment, clash of paternalism/autonomy, dr./patient relationship. Assessment of QOL, duty to preserve life, playing God, stop of treatment would be killing. GMP (general moral principle); what (morally, all things considered) should I do? What act is morally right? Arguments against GMPS: Not necessary (Codes of professional ethics or religion) Not possible (Ethical relativism) Limitations of codes: Leave out certain things [gaps; new problems] Vague/ require interpretation Conflicts between principles within the code Conflicts with other obligations: legal, ethical, religious – which is overriding? Whether to accept that code One person may have more than one code Different team members (dr, nurse) will undoubtedly have different codes Why should patients and families accept these considerations? Perhaps certain claims in a code are just morally wrong Limitations of not possible: no theory would ever be justified for everyone Ethical relativism : Right and wrong are “relative to one’s time in history and culture.” Responses: Does this apply to “Slavery is wrong”? Is this really a way to justify tolerance?
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2011 for the course PHL 344 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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PHL 344 general moral principles and arguments - PHL 344...

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