Amsterdam - Rise of Amsterdam • 80 years war •...

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Amsterdam Late 1200's: Strong storms opened up a bay for sea access The bay was called the zvider zee It created commercial trade Some pats of of Amsterdam are below sea level, so they reclaimed land from the sea These reclaimed areas were called – Polders On top of the polders either farms or cites were built Polders were created by using levies to block water and then a windmill was used to pump out the water Rise of City: Leading commercial trade power in Europe in the late 1500-1700's 80 Years War Spain controlled the Netherlands Reformation Netherlands adopted Protestantism Dutch fight for independence from Spain William I prince of orange lead the Netherlands Protestant traders and business men move to city Protestants received religious and economic freedom
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Unformatted text preview: Rise of Amsterdam: • 80 years war • Colonization ◦ Took over a huge numbers of colonies involved in the spice trade ◦ These colonies were in Indonesia • Commercial trade became important to the economy • Amsterdam became home to a large port ◦ Rotterdam ◦ Lies along the Rhine River • The population kept on growing reaching 200,000 people Beginnings of Amsterdam: • 1200's – a dam was built on the Amstel River • Canals were built around the city • Center of the town – The Dam Square • The Wage (the weigh house) – Weighed the goods coming into the city ◦ So many goods were moving through the city that, the weigh house had to be moved outside of the side • City Hall – the city was controlled by the middle class...
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