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L13 - Women_and_Development - Main Title Women and...

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Unformatted text preview: Main Title Women and Development Geography of Developing Countries José D. De León, PhD Student Instructor Subtitle Women and Development in the 3 rd World • Main points: – A difficult road – Origins of focus – Double burden •Household production •Household reproduction – Women as agents of change – Relieving the Double Burden A Difficult Road • Cultural norms • Structural and physical violence • Organized resistance • Organized resistance • Participation in their emancipation • Vignettes of women in developing countries Development It seems that: • Although women live longer than men, women’s lives not lived in great wellness and comfort • Women suffer more morbidity than men. Why is it Difficult for Women to Protect Themselves? • Inequalities • Social, cultural norms • Violence • Stigma • Denial GENDER-RELATED DEVELOPMENT INDEX-2004 Index (value) 0.28 - 0.42 0.42 - 0.63 Gender Inequality and Hunger Vulne Index (value) 0.28 - 0.42 0.42 - 0.63 0.63 - 0.82 0.82 - 0.89 0.89 - 0.96 Source: UNDP 2004 0.42 - 0.63 0.63 - 0.82 0.82 - 0.89 0.89 - 0.96 R 2 = 0.722 10 20 30 40 50 60 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 Gender Development In “Sex” and “Gender” Interchangeably used, but not the same thing • Imprinting and hormonal factors determine the developmental sequence and characteristics of biological systems, or sex, of the individual. • Gender is the result of implanting an individual into a culture or society, which assigns them relative value and gives them specific roles to play by virtue of their biological sex. Origins of focus on women • Feminism: 1970s women’ s movement – First-wave: pre-1970s: focused mainly on overturning legal obstacles to equality (i.e. voting rights, property rights) – Second-wave: addressed a wide range of issues such as unofficial inequalities, official legal inequalities, sexuality, unofficial inequalities, official legal inequalities, sexuality, family, the workplace, educational and professional equality, and, perhaps most controversially, reproductive rights....
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L13 - Women_and_Development - Main Title Women and...

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