WHO and wellbeing at work Rokho Kim, MD DrPH World Health OrganizationRegional Office for Europe
WHO and wellbeingWellbeing is a keyword in the WHO definition of health: “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” WHO constitution, signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States and entered into force on 7 April 1948 Wellbeing at work 2012 Manchester 21-23 May 2012 2
Objective and mandates of WHO•Authority to direct and coordinate health within the UN system •Objective set in the Constitution: – Attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health•Mandates: – provide leadership on global health matters – shape the public health research agenda Wellbeing at work 2012 Manchester 21-23 May 2012
WHO worldwideWellbeing at work 2012 Manchester 21-23 May 2012 CAIRO
Why health, safety, and wellbeing at work? •Workers are half of the whole population •Healthy workforce is a prerequisite for sustainable development and social wellbeing •Risks at stake – Workers: loss of health and wellbeing– Company: loss of productivity and profit – Community: loss of solidarity and equity – Country: loss of 4-5% of GDP •Prevention can make “win-win-win-win”. Wellbeing at work 2012 Manchester 21-23 May 2012
Source: Joan Burton. WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model, 2010.
Resolutions of WHO governing body on wellbeing at work •WHO Global strategy on occupational health for all, 1996 •World Health Assembly Worker's health: Global plan of action 2008-2017 Wellbeing at work 2012 Manchester 21-23 May 2012 7
Evolution of wellbeing at work Labour Approach Public Health Approach Occupational Health Workers' Health Action to include workers'Action at workplace families & communities Work-related health issues only Include all health determinants Include all workers (self-Work under labour contract employed, informal workers)