US History II Study Guide Exam 1

US History II Study Guide Exam 1 - Confiscation Acts- laws...

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Confiscation Acts - laws passed by the United States Congress during the Civil War with the intention of freeing the slaves still held by the Confederate forces in the South. The First Confiscation Act of 1861 authorized the confiscation of any Confederate property by Union forces ("property" included slaves). This meant that all slaves that fought or worked for the Confederate military were freed whenever they were "confiscated" by Union troops. The act was signed into law by President Lincoln on August 6, 1861. The Second Confiscation Act was passed on July 17, 1862. It stated that the slaves of any Confederate official, military or civilian, who did not surrender within 60 days of the act's passage would be freed. However, this act was only applicable to Confederate areas that had already been occupied by the Union Army. All slaves that took refuge in Union areas were "captives of war" and would be set free.U.S. President Abraham Lincoln opposed these acts, believing that they would push the border states towards siding with the Confederacy. The growing movement towards emancipation was aided by these acts, which eventually led to the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 . Second Confiscation Act 1862 had authorized the government to seize and sell the property of supporters of the rebellion. In June 1866 Johnson said it only applied to war time. Restoration - Turner Thesis - The historian Frederick Jackson Turner claimed that the frontier had been a source of democratic opportunity. He mourned its passing. His critics saw another frontier, a zone of genocide, degradation of people and environments, and domination of eastern capital. One noted that "The railroads came before the settlers, eastern capital financed the ranching bonanza, and agriculture depended upon sophisticated dre-farming techniques and modern machinery." The frontier as opportunity and as myth mobilized tremendous human energy. Americans flocked to the frontier because they saw in it the opportunity to get rich quick through the non-capital-intensive exploitation of free natural resources. Homestead Act - Government land could be bought for 1.25 an acres or for free if it was worked for 5 years. One reason for land rush west at the expense of the Indians. Also farming envisioned under Homestead Act created a situation where they raped the land and created the dustbowl. 13th Amendment -officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery and involuntary servitude , except as punishment for a crime Reconstruction - Exodusters - AA who fled the South during reconstruction for Kansas. They did this because of the fact they heard slavery could be reinstated. Proved that although slavery was ended by 13 th amendment blacks still lived in fear. Poured into the west looking for new opportunity and equality. Interstate Commerce Commission
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US History II Study Guide Exam 1 - Confiscation Acts- laws...

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