Epiplesy - Katie McLean Bio 301: Sect 0008 November 3, 2009...

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Katie McLean Bio 301: Sect 0008 November 3, 2009 Clinical Case Analysis: Epilepsy There are approximately 2.5 million Americans affected by this nervous system disorder and more than 180,000 are diagnosed with epilepsy each year. Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is characterized by recurrent, spontaneous seizures. Epilepsy is a brain disorder in that a seizure occurs where brain function is momentarily disturbed by abnormal excitement of electrical signals. People living with epilepsy have recurrent unprovoked seizures. The cause of epilepsy varies amongst people with the disorder. A child may be born with a brain defect that creates an imbalance in the structure of the brain. This is similar to a person suffering from a head injury. Stroke and tumors localized in the brain are two more probable causes to brain defects. In each of these circumstances, epilepsy may result in the child or adult despite the age difference. While the cause can be linked back to either the brain defect at birth or any type of injury to the brain, predicting the onset of seizures is still unknown. If a person sustains an injury to the head, this injury does not directly mean that the person will develop epilepsy. Any time the
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2011 for the course BIO 302 taught by Professor De during the Spring '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Epiplesy - Katie McLean Bio 301: Sect 0008 November 3, 2009...

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