Drug Cards List 2 - phenytoin / Dilantin Class:...

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1 phenytoin / Dilantin Class: anticonvulsant, hydantoin, antiarrhythmic Action: ↓ seizure threshold in brain (exact action unknown) Indication: seizures Note: may interfere w/ oral contraceptives (OC) TR: 10-20
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2 carbamazepine / Tegretol Class: anticonvulsant Action: stabilizes hyper-excitable neurons Indication: seizures, also low doses may be useful in treating chronic neuropathic pain (trigeminal neuralgia) TR: 4-10
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3 hydrocodone / Vicodin (+ acetaminophen) morphine / MS Contin hydromorphone / Dilaudid oxycodone / Roxicodone fentanyl / Duragesic Class: opiate agonists (narcotics), AKA opiates Action: bind w/ opiate receptor sites in CNS Ind: moderate to severe pain Note: Common SE include N/V, constipation, resp depression, sedation. Tolerance/dependence may develop
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4 naloxone / Narcan Class: Opiate Antagonists Action: reverses effects of opiate Ind: drug overdose, CNS / respiratory depression caused by opiates Note: blocks analgesia causing return of pain. Induces withdrawal in pt w/ opiate dependency. Use cautiously.
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5 acetaminophen / Tylenol Class: Misc Analgesics Action: Inhibits prostaglandin synthesis but has no anti-inflammatory action Indication: mild to moderate pain, fever Note: use cautiously in Pts w/ liver impairment - toxic doses toxic to liver Antidote : Mucomyst/acetylcysteine
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6 ibuprofen / Advil naproxen / Aleve ketorolac / Toradol Class: Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents (NSAIDS) / anti-pyretic / analgesic Action: ↓ prostaglandin synthesis Ind: mild to mod pain Note: Common SE is GI distress Pt Ed: take w/ food
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7 aspirin / Bayer Aspirin Class: Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agent (NSAID) / Salicylate / Analgesic / Anti-pyretic / anti-platlet Action:
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2011 for the course NURSING 105 taught by Professor Copeland during the Winter '09 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Drug Cards List 2 - phenytoin / Dilantin Class:...

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