Drug CardsList 3 - Sudafed (PO) / pseudoephedrine Afrin...

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1 Sudafed (PO) / pseudoephedrine Afrin (topical) / oxymetazolline Class: decongestant Indication: nasal congestion, rhinitis Action: vasoconstriction which reduces mucosal edema and facilitates drainage
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2 Flonase / fluticasone Class: intranasal corticosteroid Indication: allergies, asthma Action: reduces local inflammation & Sx of allergic rhinitis Note: Takes 2 weeks for max effect, preventative effects only, will not relieve acute Sx
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3 Robitussin / guaifenesin Class: expectorant Indication: cough caused by URI, NPC, thick mucus Action: reduces viscosity of secretions, promotes ciliary action, facilitates expectoration of mucus Note: push fluids to help thin secretions This is a different product from Robitussin AC which contains codeine
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4 Robitussin AC / guaifenesin + codeine Class: expectorant + anti-tussive Indication: non-productive cough or cough that keeps Pt awake at night Action: See Robitussin card for it’s actions. Codeine suppresses cough reflex Note: push fluids to help thin secretions
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5 Mucomyst / acetylcysteine Class: mucolytic Indication: thick tenacious mucus Action: liquefies mucus Note: PO route used as antidote, inhalation (mist) route used as mucolytic
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6 Zyrtec / cetirizine Class: antihistamine (selective) Indication: seasonal allergies, chronic urticaria Action: antagonizes effects of histamine Note: less likely to cause drowsiness than other antihistamines but this is dose related and may be increased in presence of other CNS depressants
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7 Azmacort / triamcinolone acetonide Class: corticosteroid (inhaled) Indication: asthma Action: suppresses/reduces airway inflammation Note: only has preventive effects so instruct patient to use bronchodilator 1 st (if they have one)
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8 Proventil / albuterol Class: bronchodilator / adrenergic Indication: Sx caused by exacerbation of obstructive disorders (asthma, COPD, bronchitis, etc.) Action: opens airways by relaxing airway smooth muscles SE: nervousness, palpitations, tremor, tachycardia, insomia
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9 Abreva / docosanol Class: topical antiviral Action: inhibits fusion of herpes virus to human cells - shortens healing time and minimizes Sx
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10 Tums, Maalox Class: antacids Action: Note: Ca containing product (Tums) can cause constipation
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11 Pepcid / famotidine Class: H2 Blocker Indication: GERD, PUD Action: blocks histamine receptors, causing ↓ acid secretion
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12 Protonix / pantoprazole Class: Gastric Acid Pump Inhibitors / anti- ulcer agent Indication: GERD, PUD Action: ↓ gastric acid secretion & accumulation
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2011 for the course NURSING 105 taught by Professor Copeland during the Winter '09 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Drug CardsList 3 - Sudafed (PO) / pseudoephedrine Afrin...

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