APmemoryQues - 11 Distinguish between implicit and explicit...

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Chapter 9 – Memory Reading Questions 1. Define memory , and explain how flashbulb memories differ from other memories. 2. Describe Atkinson-Shiffrin’s classic three-stage processing model of memory, and explain how the contemporary model of working memory differs. 3. Describe the types of information we encode automatically. 4. Contrast effortful processing with automatic processing, and discuss the next-in-line effect, the spacing effect, and the serial position effect. 5. Compare the benefits of visual, acoustic, and semantic encoding in remembering verbal information, and describe a memory-enhancing strategy related to the self- reference effect. 6. Discuss the use of chunking and hierarchies in effortful processing. 7. Contrast two types of sensory memory. 8. Describe the duration and working capacity of short-term memory. 9. Discuss the synaptic changes that accompany memory formation and storage. 10. Discuss some ways stress hormones can affect memory.
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Unformatted text preview: 11. Distinguish between implicit and explicit memory, and identify the main brain structure associated with each. 12. Contrast the recall, recognition, and relearning measures of memory. 13. Explain how retrieval cues help us access stored memories, and describe the process of priming. 14. Describe the effects of internal states on retrieval. 15. Explain why we should value our ability to forget, and distinguish three general ways our memory fails us. 16. Discuss the role of encoding failure in forgetting. 17. Discuss the concept of storage decay, and describe Ebbinghaus’ forgetting curve. (on back) 18. Contrast proactive and retroactive interference, and explain how they can cause retrieval failure. 19. Describe source amnesia’s contribution to false memories. 20. Give arguments supporting and rejecting the position that very young children’s reports of abuse are reliable....
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