Ch14 - 1 4 CHAPTER PREVIEW Stress and Health Our behavior...

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CHAPTER PREVIEW Our behavior as well as exposure to prolonged stress can increase our susceptibility to serious ill- ness. Health psychology provides psychology’s contribution to behavioral medicine. Among its concerns are the effects of stress and how to control stress, how our emotions and personality influence our risk of disease, and the promotion of healthier living. Walter Cannon viewed our response to stress as a “fight or flight” system. Hans Selye saw it as a three-stage, general adaptation syndrome. Modern research assesses the health consequences of various life experiences. Coronary heart disease has been linked with the anger-prone Type A personality. Stress may also affect the progression of other serious illnesses, including AIDS and cancer. Several factors affect our ability to cope with stress including our feelings of personal control, our explanatory style, and our supportive connections. Stress management programs include train- ing in aerobic exercise, biofeedback, and relaxation. Although biofeedback can sometimes help people control tension headaches and high blood pressure, simple relaxation exercises offer some of the same benefits. Researchers seek to identify “intervening variables” that may link spirituality and health. In attempting to reduce cigarette smoking, psychologists have studied the social influences that motivate adolescents to start smoking and the reinforcers that maintain the habit. In studying obesity, psychologists have found that a number of physiological factors make it difficult to lose weight permanently. Those who wish to diet should minimize exposure to food cues, boost energy expenditure through exercise, make a lifelong change in eating patterns, and set realistic goals. CHAPTER GUIDE Introductory Exercise: Fact or Falsehood? Project: Constructing a Family Health History Video: Discovering Psychology, Updated Edition: Health, Mind, and Behavior 1. Identify some behavior-related causes of illness and death, and describe health psychology’s con- tribution to the field of behavioral medicine. Prolonged stress and unhealthy behavior contribute to heart disease, cancer, stroke, and chronic lung disease, the four leading causes of death in the United States today. By studying how our emotions and personality influence our risk of disease, the effects of stress, and the promotion of 91 Stress and Health 14 :
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healthier living, health psychologists contribute to behavioral medicine, the interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge. Stress and Illness Exercises: Stress Level and Vulnerability to Stress; Stress Symptoms; The Stress Appraisal Measure; Emotion Regulation Scale; College Undergraduate Stress Scale; Hostility and Its Alleviation Lectures: Tend and Befriend; Hassles and Uplifts; Broken Heart Syndrome; Type A and Type B Personalities Videos: Module 21 of The Brain Series, 2nd ed.: Emotions, Stress, and Health; Video Clips 38 and 39 of Digital
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Ch14 - 1 4 CHAPTER PREVIEW Stress and Health Our behavior...

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