Ch16 - 1: 6 CHAPTER PREVIEW Psychological Disorders Mental...

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CHAPTER PREVIEW Mental health workers label behavior psychologically disordered when it is deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) pro- vides an authoritative classification scheme. Although diagnostic labels may facilitate communica- tion and research, they can also bias our perception of people’s past and present behavior and unfairly stigmatize these individuals. Those who suffer an anxiety disorder may for no reason feel uncontrollably tense (generalized anxiety disorder), may have a persistent irrational fear (phobia), or may be troubled by repetitive thoughts and actions (obsessive-compulsive disorder). Symptoms may also follow the experience of some traumatic event (post-traumatic stress disorder). Under extreme stress, conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings. Those afflicted with a dissociative disorder may even have two or more distinct personalities. Mood disorders include major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Current research on depression is exploring (1) genetic and biochemical influences and (2) cyclic self-defeating beliefs, learned helplessness, negative attributions, and aversive experiences. The symptoms of schizophrenia include disorganized thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions. Researchers have linked certain forms of schizophrenia to brain abnormal- ities. Studies also point to a genetic predisposition that may work in conjunction with environmen- tal factors. Personality disorders are characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning. The most common is the remorseless and fearless antisocial personality. Survey results indicate that 1 in 7 people suffers clinically significant mental disorders with most showing the first symptoms by early adulthood. Poverty is clearly a predictor of mental ill- ness. CHAPTER GUIDE Introductory Exercise: Fact or Falsehood? Project: Diagnosing a “Star” Feature Films and TV: Introducing Psychological Disorders Video: Discovering Psychology, Updated Edition: Psychopathology 105 Psychological Disorders 16 :
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Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Lectures: Defining Psychological Well-Being; Tourette Syndrome; Culture-Bound Disorders Exercises: Defining Psychological Disorder; Multiple Causation; The Effects of Labeling Projects: Encounters with a “Mentally Ill” Person; Adult ADHD Screening Test; Normality and the Sexes PsychSim 5: Mystery Client Videos: Segment 33 of the Scientific American Frontiers Series, 2nd ed.: Cop Psychiatrists; Video Clip 32 of Digital Media Archive: Psychology: Gender Identity Disorder Transparencies: 153 The Biopsychosocial Approach to Psychological Disorders; 154 How Are Psychological Disorders Diagnosed? 1.
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 413 taught by Professor Moorhouse during the Winter '10 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Ch16 - 1: 6 CHAPTER PREVIEW Psychological Disorders Mental...

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