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chapter17 - an interdisciplinary field that integrates...

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Unformatted text preview: an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge and applies that knowle behavioral medicine a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine health psychology the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challeng stress Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages alarm, resistance, exhaustion general adaptation syndrome (GAS) the clogging of vessels that nourish the heart muscle coronary heart disease the leading cause of death in many developed cultures coronary heart disease Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, harddriving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and angerprone people Type A Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people Type B mindbody illness psychphysiological illness any stressrelated physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches psychphysiological illness the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system lymphocytes form the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections B lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances T lymphocytes alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods coping attempting to alleviate stress directly by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor problemfocused coping attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reactio emotionfocused coping sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety aerobic exercise a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as b biofeedback ...
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