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MyersAP-Unit01 - Unit 1 Psychology’s History and...

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Unformatted text preview: Unit 1: Psychology’s History and Approaches Unit Overview • What is Psychology? • Contemporary Psychology Click on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation. What is Psychology? Psychology’s Roots Prescientifc Psychology •Ancient Greeks –Socrates –Plato –Aristotle Psychology’s Roots Prescientifc Psychology •Rene Descartes •Francis Bacon •John Locke –Tabula Rasa (blank slate) •Empiricism Psychology’s Roots Psychological Science is Born •Wilhelm Wundt (1879) –University of Leipzig –Reaction time experiment Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Structure •Edward Titchener –Structuralism •introspection Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Function •William James –Functionalism –Mary Calkins –Margaret Floy Washburn •Experimental psychology Psychological Science Develops •Sigmund Freud Psychological Science Develops •Behaviorism –John B. Watson –B.F. Skinner –“study of observable behavior” Psychological Science Develops •Humanistic psychology –Carl Rogers –Abraham Maslow •Cognitive Neuroscience Psychological Science Develops •Psychology –Science –Behavior –Mental processes Contemporary Psychology Psychology’s Biggest Question •Nature – Nurture Issue –Biology versus experience –History •Greeks •Rene Descartes •Charles Darwin –Natural selection Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis •Levels of Analysis –Biological –Psychological –Social-cultural •Biopsychosocial Approach Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis Psychological Approaches/Perspectives •Biological psychology...
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MyersAP-Unit01 - Unit 1 Psychology’s History and...

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