Nursing Unit Care
1.) CNA –
Educational requirements: To become a Certified Nurse Assistant (CNA), only a high school
diploma and training is required. And because the skills required are fairly basic, the program is
only 75 hour of classroom and practical training, followed by a state administered evaluation.
Once an assistant completes the program he/she receives the title of a certified nurse assistant. A
CNA is strictly an entry-level position with little room to advance without further education and
training, but a nurse assistant certification gives individuals a chance for experience and an
opportunity to see if a career in healthcare is right for them.
Scope of practice: A Certified Nurse Assistant (CNA) uses nursing education and training to assist
nurses with patients. The daily tasks of a CNA include serving meals, making beds and helping
patients eat, dress and bath. Assistants also find basic health information for nurses and doctors by
taking a patient's temperature, blood pressure and pulse rate. Certified Nursing Assistants have far
more contact with patients than other healthcare officials, allowing them to build relationships with
Educational Requirements: All States and the District of Columbia require LVNs to complete a
state-approved practical nursing program and then pass a licensing examination. Such programs
typically last about one year and include classroom study of nursing concepts and patient care-
related subjects, such as: physiology, anatomy, pediatrics, administration of drugs, medical-
surgical nursing, obstetrics, psychiatric nursing, first aid and nutrition.
Scope of Practice: Licensed Vocational Nurses (LVNs) render basic nursing care. They care for
the disabled injured, sick and convalescent under the direction of physicians and registered nurses.
They are also known as Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) and render their services in acute
medical/surgical hospitals, home-care agencies, ambulatory surgery centers, outpatient clinics,
doctor's offices, dialysis centers, blood banks, convalescent hospitals, psychiatric hospitals and
Educational Requirements: In addition to graduation from an approved two year nursing program,
students must pass a national licensing exam to become a Registered Nurse.
Scope of Practice: Registered Nurses (RNs) treat patients in hospitals, nursing homes and schools
by administering medicines, giving diagnostic tests, keeping accurate patient histories and assisting
with rehabilitation and dietary needs. Some Registered Nurses specialize in one particular area,
such as cardiology, psychiatry, pediatrics or home care. Although many nurses work in hospital