What were the essential qualities of Wilson’s presidential leadership, and how did he display them in
1913 – 1914?
The essential qualities of Wilson’s presidential leadership were of his great public-speaking skills. In
Wilson’s attack on the “Triple Wall of Privilege”, he attacks the tariff with his speaking skills and
congress, “amazed by Wilson’s aggressive leadership, passes the Underwood Tariff Bill”. In 1913,
Wilson delivered a stirring system plea for sweeping reforms of banking system. He signed the
Federal Reserve act, appealing to the sovereign people. this was also the reason that he became
president o quick because he was great at persuasive speaking. (Kennedy, 691-692)
What were the results of Wilson’s great reform assault on the “triple wall of privilege” – the tariff,
the banks, and the trusts?
He convinced Congress to pass the Underwood Tariff Bill, which significantly reduced the tariff
rates. Under authority from the 16th Amendment, Congress also enacted a graduated income tax.
The result was the passing of the Underwood Tariff Bill which provided for a substantial reduction
of rates. It also substantially reduced import fees and was a landmark in tax legislation. By 1917, the
revenue from income tax shot ahead of receipts from the tariff. (Kennedy, 691)
How was Wilson’s foreign policy an attempt to expand idealistic progressive principles from the
domestic to the international arena? Why did Wilson’s progressive democratic idealism lead to the
kind f U.S. interventions he professed to dislike?
In order to get reelected as president, Wilson knew that he had to enter as a candidate of
progressivism. To remain in the white house, the president would have to woo the bill moose voters
into the democratic fold. Wilson hated imperialism. Political turmoil in Haiti soon forced Wilson to
eat some of his anti-imperialist words when outraged populace tore Haitian president to pieces. In
1915, Wilson reluctantly dispatched marines to protect American lives and property. (Kennedy 693-
What were the causes and consequences of U.S. entanglement with Mexico in the wake of the
Mexican Revolution? Could the U.S. have avoided involvement in Mexican affairs?
When the president was murdered and replaced by General Huerta, the Mexican Revolution began to
affect America as well. Because of the chaos in Mexico, millions of Spanish-speaking immigrants
came to America. At first, President Wilson refused to intervene with the war in Mexico. But after a
small party of American sailors was accidentally captured by the Mexicans, Wilson ordered the navy
to seize the Mexican port of Vera Cruz. Just as war seemed imminent with Mexico, Argentina,
Brazil, and Chile intervened and pressured Huerta to step down. Venustiano Carranza became the