Chapter 31 Notes

Chapter 31 Notes - Chapter 31 Notes War by Act of Germany...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 31 Notes War by Act of Germany At the end of 1916 o Wilson made one last attempt o mediate between the embattled belligerents o restating Americas neutrality o peace without victory durable Germans announced their decision o wage unrestricted submarine warfare sinking all ships Germanys leaders o distinction between combatants and noncombatants could no longer afford Germans called Wilson bluff To defend American interests o the president asked Congress o authority to arm American merchant ships o band of midwestern senators blocked the measure American isolationism Zimmermann note o intercepted and published German Zimmermann o secretly proposed a German-Mexican alliance After this provocation o German U-boats sank 4 unarmed American merchant vessels Revolution in Russia o America to fight for democracy o side of the Allies Wilson stood before Congress o asked for a declaration of wa o drew a clear line o Germans chose to cross it o American war declaration Wilsonian Idealism Enthroned Wilson shattered one of the most sacred of traditions by engaging in a distant European war To galvanize the country Wilson declared the twin goals of A war to end war and a crusade to make the world safe for democracyAmerica did not fight for riches or territorial conquest Holding aloft the torch of idealism, the president fired up the public mind to a fever pitch Wilsons Fourteen Potent Points Wilson was recognized as the moral leader of the Allied causefame Fourteen Points Address One of his primary purposes was to keep reeling Russia in the warholding alluring promises The first five points: a proposal to abolish secret treaties, freedom of the seas, removal of economic barriers among nations, reduction of armament burdens, adjustment of colonial claims in the interests of both native peoples and the colonizerspleased many of the countries The other points held out the hope of independence to oppressed minority groups The capstone point, number fourteen, foreshadowed the League of Nationsan international organization that Wilson dreamed would provide a system of collective security Certain leaders of Allied nations were less than enthusiasticwere not universally applauded Creel Manipulates Minds Mobilizing peoples minds for war was an urgent task facing the Washington authorities Committee on Public Information was created and was headed by George Creel sell America on war and sell world on Wilsonian war aimsCreel organization with 150,000 workers Four-minute men, posters splashed on billboards, leaflets, propaganda books, and movies The entire nation, caught the frenzied spirit of a religious revival, burst into song (Over there) American war mobilization relied more on aroused passion and voluntary compliance than laws But he oversold the ideals of Wilson and led the world to expect too much...
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Chapter 31 Notes - Chapter 31 Notes War by Act of Germany...

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