ch6.3 Psych 1 UCSB

ch6.3 Psych 1 UCSB - Psych 6.3 Operant Conditioning (pg....

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Psych 6.3 Operant Conditioning (pg. 210-232, 232A-232H) THORNDIKE AND OPERANT CONDITIONING learning curve: graph of the changes in behavior that occur over the course of learning -Thorndike concluded that learning occurs when certain behaviors strengthened at the expense of others reinforcement: process of increasing the future probability of the most recent response law of effect: animal becomes more likely to repeat the responses that led to favorable consequences even if it doesn’t understand why -T demonstrated possibility of simple explanations for complex behaviors operant conditioning: subject operates on the environment to produce an outcome instrumental conditioning: bc subjects behavior is instrumental in producing the out- come -operant of instrumental conditioning is the process of changing behavior by providing a reinforcement after a response -operant cond:subjects behavior produces outcome that affects future behavior. indv has to make some response before it receives reinforcement. -classical cond: subject’s behavior has no effect on the outcome (CS or UCS) visceral responses: [classical cond] (responses of the internal organs), saliva and di- gestion skeletal responses:[operant cond] movements of leg muscles, arm muscles REINFORCEMENT AND PUNISHMENT reinforcer: event that follows a response and increases the later probability of fre- quency of the response -biological usefulness doesn’t define reinforcement disequilibrium principle: each of us has a normal “equilibrium” state in which we divide out time among various activ. limited opportunity to engage in one of your behaviors (disequilibrium) -deprived of oxy, opp to breathe extremely reinforcing. ~Primary and Secondary Reinforcers primary reinforcers (unconditional reinforcers): reinforcing bc of their own properties secondary reinforcers(conditioned reinforcers): became reinforcing bc of previous ex- periences
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2011 for the course PSY 1 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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ch6.3 Psych 1 UCSB - Psych 6.3 Operant Conditioning (pg....

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