Unformatted text preview: African Educational By: Abiola, Jasmin, & Rachel Africa is one cultural river with numerous tributaries characterized by their specific responses to history and the environment The Goals Of African Education Develop the child's latent physical skills Develop character Inculcate respect for elders and those in position Acquire specific vocational training and healthy attitude Develop a sense of belonging and to participate actively in family and community Understand, appreciate, and promote the cultural heritage Traditional African educational thought and practice is characterized not only by its concern with the "good person." Interweaving of its social, economic, political, cultural, and educational threads together into a common tapestry Traditional Education in Africa The great importance attached to it and its collective and social nature The intimate tie with social life, both in material and a spiritual sense Its multivalent character, both in a material and a spiritual sense Its multivalent character, both in terms of its goal and the means employed Its gradual and progressive achievements, conformity with the successive stages of physical, emotional, and mental development of the child Various African Societies includes the following components:
1. 2. 3. 4. Separation of the initiates from the community, under the leadership of a specially selected adult Both formal and informal instruction about adult duties, responsibilities, and obligations Instruction in the folklore, legends, and history of the community Observation of selected food, behavioral, and sexual taboos and restrictions Continued
1. 2. 3. Instruction in aspects of sexuality and sexual relations in preparation for marriage Physical markings, commonly permanent in nature Circumcision ( often for both males and females) "Life Cycle"
Childhood: Prior to his death, a healer may designate his heir Special ties are established between the child and the healer The instruction is enlarged upon from the age of nine. The healer instructs the child in the identification and naming of herbs Young Adulthood: At about the age of thirteen, the child begins to collect herbs and prepare medicines alone. He may begin to gather herbs on his own initiative Process of "matriculation" begins; characterized by illness & dreams, symbols like water, flying & pythons appear, often as a test of courage The spirit identifies itself, his demands are met and symptoms of illness fade away Soon after the healer begins to treat in his own right gradually accumulating power, respect, & a reputation for success in certain areas of divination & healing Middle Age: The healer is fully fledged. He begins to lead ritual occasions and bring out the spirits of others. In describing this stage of their life cycle, many healers admit training others but deny having been trained when they had their spirits brought out Old Age: A time of seniority follows. There is substantial evidence that grandchildren are trained to assume the healing role after the healer's death Death: Death is followed by the eventual possession of a kin member, often after a period of intense rivalry with the family ...
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- Spring '11
- Middle Ages, latent physical skills, multivalent character