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Paper 1 - Jasmin Peters September 28, 2010 Mosaic II/...

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Jasmin Peters September 28, 2010 Mosaic II/ Section 80 Paper #1 The God’s Role: Fate The Iliad is a story of war but also fate. The god’s role in the Iliad is to be moderators using the humans as puppets during the war. The Iliad speaks of fate often and the gods contribute to the fate of humans in certain instances. It is easy to suspect that the god’s play a bigger role in determining fate than the Iliad examines. The war in the Iliad is between the Trojans and the Achaeans. The Trojans are led by Hector and the Achaeans are ultimately led by Achilles who has a fate of death. This is where fate is first introduced in the text. The fate of Achilles plays a major role in the war in the Iliad. He is asked numerous times to join the war to help change the fate of the Achaeans that Zeus has granted them. While rejecting the offer to join the battle Achilles states “…My mother Thetis, a moving silver grace, tells me two fates sweep me on to my death.”(Homer 424) First examining the role of the gods in the Iliad, it is easy to conclude that the gods are manipulative, blood thirsty warmongerers. The war in Troy is the sole source of excitement for the gods. Initially the king of gods, Zeus, is on the side of the Trojans and has granted Hector the victory. Although no one who can overturn Zeus’ decision there are other gods who are involved with the battle. The other gods have all picked a side to support, either the Trojans or the Achaeans. This support from the gods is vital to the humans. Without the support of the gods, humans feel helpless. When the Achaeans learn that Zeus is supporting the Trojans, they feel their fate is already determined in the battle. Achilles offers advice to the Achaeans stating: “I
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would advise you too to sail back home, since there’s no chance now of storming Illion’s height. Zeus has stretched his hand above her, making her people bold.” (Homer 430) Here Achilles
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Paper 1 - Jasmin Peters September 28, 2010 Mosaic II/...

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