Chapter 13 (1)

Chapter 13 (1) - Prepared by David Chak Chapter 13 The...

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Prepared by David Chak Chapter 13 – The Dissolution and Loss of Relationships Divorce rate are much higher than they were when our grandparents married The chance of a recent marriage that will ultimately end in separation or divorce is close to 50% Why divorce rate increased? o We hold different, more demanding expectations for marriage than people used to. Last time beliefs – if you wanted to have children, pay the bills, live well -> you get married Now? Just cohabitate! Marriage is but a path to personal fulfillment; marriage is play, not work; marriage is exciting, not routine, passionate, not warm Expectations too high -> lower percentage of spouses reported that their marriages are “very happy” and the conflicts reported are higher; average perceived quality of American marriages has declined. o Societal influence of what we encounter once we wed Most women now work outside of home Spouses reported more conflict between work and family The more hours a wife works during the week, the lower the quality of her marriage tends to be Car repairs, childcare and other house chores become problematic when both spouses are employed and the amount of time spouses spend together tends to decline Spouses are also affected by their problems at work, so that decrease in job satisfaction are associated with increase in marital discord Participation in labor force increases spouses’ access to interesting, desirable, alternative partners Divorce is more frequent when women work in occupations that surround them with men Women earn more money and are becomingly financially independent of men -> higher divorce rates
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People who are able to support themselves have more freedom to choose divorce when marriage deteriorates, and in the US, there is a positive correlation between a women’s income and her odds of divorce. BUT THEN AGAIN, poverty has even bigger effects on marital quality. Couples with money troubles who are experiencing financial strain are less content with their marriage – couples with rather low incomes (<25k per year) are twice as likely to divorce as are couples with reasonably high incomes. Changing gender roles Women are gradually becoming more instrumental, being more assertive and self-reliant Partners in marriages are dividing household responsibilities more equitably. Less traditional gender roles and increases in the equality of family decision-making have been associated with higher marital quality o Husbands are less happy now that they are doing more household chores, but their wives are more content (no surprise!) Individualistic Western culture People being less connected to the others around them than they used to be AS a result, we receive less social support and companionship from friends and acquaintances and we rely on our spouses for more. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2011 for the course PSYC 474 taught by Professor Lydon during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

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Chapter 13 (1) - Prepared by David Chak Chapter 13 The...

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