Interpersonal Relations

Interpersonal Relations - Lecture #1 1/4/2011 Course on...

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Lecture #1  1/4/2011 04:52 Course on Close Relationships There is some degree in all humans and cultures of a need to belong. +Resistance to breaking bonds +Relationships as natural social categories. +Effects on health and well-being. -Separate slide for each of the four points. Resistance to Breaking bonds +Minimal Group paradigm- assign people randomly to some group. Research shows that learning you are part of some group will effect how you treat strangers that are either part of your group or not. (over-estimators or under-estimators). (Baumeister and Leary). +In child development, there is work on infant attachment. The bond between the infant and the caregiver is consistent with the need to belong. +Proximity Seeking +People exhibit distress and protest concerning the end of a relationship. Under which circumstances do we experience more or less distress. +People may even exhibit distress and protest about the end of an abusive relationship. Relationships as natural social categories +We immediately classify incoming information in the context of social relationships. +The next-in-line effect- if you have a group of people introduce themselves. +If five people in a row introduce themselves, we will recall better what the first and last person in the line say. We are so concerned with what we have to say. +The point is that this effect will generalize if someone close to us is in the line instead of us. +we exhibit the self-serving attribution error with people closest to us. We also show unrealistic optimism about the future with people’s closest to us. Effects on Health and Well-Being +The absence of social connections is associated with unhappiness, depression, jealousy. +Terror management theory and close relationships. +There has been work that at least part underlying these effects is that the fear of death is the separation of others. +The need to belong may then be a fundamental need.
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How do we study close relationships? +Controlling for confounding situational variables is key to the study of relationships. +Random assignment is one way of exerting control and manipulating the environment. +It’s one thing to do that with rats, it’s another to do that with people. +Often you can’t treat people for the manipulations that one wishes to study in an interpersonal situation. +You can’t just dismiss the inability to replicate complete control of variables as a failure of interpersonal studies. +Experimental manipulation works better with studies regarding initial attraction than those on close attraction. Discrimination Learning in Rats +The old rat experiment- half the rats are lesioned and half aren’t. We expect the unlesioned rats to learn better than the lesioned rats. +There were two main effects- one for the lesioning and one for the experimenter
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2011 for the course PSYC 474 taught by Professor Lydon during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

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Interpersonal Relations - Lecture #1 1/4/2011 Course on...

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