Lecture Notes - Inter

Lecture Notes - Inter - Lecture #16 Interpersonal...

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Lecture #16 19:07 Interpersonal Relationships Lecture 1 – January 5 th , 2010 Importance of Belongingness Some degree in all humans in all cultures there exists. . - Infant attachment - Minimal group paradigm: Being told you belong to a certain group will affect how to behave towards others (Baumiester) o E.g. Marbles & Over estimator – Will affect behavior towards other lab participants - Proximity seeking Resistance to breaking bonds There exists much distress and protest about the end of a relationship (even abusive relationships) Relationships exist as natural social categories - We spontaneously classify incoming information according to social o E.g. when learning info about a new person we will organize this information according to their relationships with us and others - Next in-line effect: A group of people who each need to take a turn, will be less likely to remember info directly before us and directly after us Same goes with your bf/gf o Shows us that effects that were once known about us as individuals are being discovered to be true about our intimate partner - Self serving bias ( Take credit for success and discount failures) also do this for people closest to us How do we do science? - In psychological testing its difficult to do exactly what would be require to have results that are generalizable (e.g. random pick people and Its easier to study the beginning of relationships experientally because it is more ethical but when studying on going relationships it becomes less ethical to perform Discrimination Learning in Rats (Burnham, 1966) - Lesioned vs. Unlesioned rats & Experimenter thinking the rat was lesioned vs non-lesions
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- Found 2 main effects: o Lesioned vs. non-lesioned o Experiment expectations - Shows that even expectations will change the results of the study Issues of experimental control - Labs, individuals & control: Impression formation, interpersonal attraction - Love trust (ongoing relationships): Lecture 2 – January 6 th , 2011 Doing Research To Understand Close Relationships - There is a lot you can know from the interaction of P1 & P2 but there is also something to be learned from the nature of the relationship - Hypotheses come in 2 forms: o Experience based o Theory based Science - Systematic Observation o Need to be observable - Publicly verifiable knowledge o Can be replicated - Solvable problems o Again about being able to replicate, need to have something to do - We should be catious of experiments that do not meet the scientific criteria but also of those who do but may be too far out (E.g. Study in Methods for Studying close relationships - Self-report o Types:
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Interview Questionnaire More structured & explicit Interaction Record To get people to answer questions shortly after the event To get past what’s usually a problem with self-report data, the memory aspect Epistles (Letters) Today they use texts messages Diary Accounts - Experimental - Observation o May be biased to act differently because they known they are being
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Lecture Notes - Inter - Lecture #16 Interpersonal...

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