UNIT 9 PRIMARY HEALTH CARE.doc - 1 NATIONAL CERTIFICATE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT SAQA ID 74269(LP 74290 NQF LEVEL 2 UNIT 9 LEARNER

UNIT 9 PRIMARY HEALTH CARE.doc - 1 NATIONAL CERTIFICATE...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 NATIONAL CERTIFICATE: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT SAQA ID: 74269 (LP 74290) NQF LEVEL 2 UNIT 9 LEARNER GUIDE HEALTH CARE(HWSETA) – 2010. © Health and Welfare SectorPRIMARY Education and Training Authority 2 CONTENTS Preface:.............................................................................................................3 1. Introduction...............................................................................................4 2.1 2.2 Module Alignment.................................................................................4 Learner Support..................................................................................5 3. Assessment...............................................................................................5 3.1 Formative Assessment.........................................................................5 3.2 Summative Assessment.......................................................................5 4. Navigating the Learner Guide..................................................................7 4.1 Use of Icons..........................................................................................7 5. Learner Administration.............................................................................9 5.1 Attendance Register.............................................................................9 5.2 Learner Registration Form...................................................................9 5.3 Programme Evaluation Form...............................................................9 Note to learners............................................................................................10 Learner’s class room rules...........................................................................11 Learner’s materials.......................................................................................11 PRIMARY HEALTH CARE..............................................................................12 1. ACTIVITY: INDIVIDUAL WORK..........................................................................13 2. ACTIVITY: GROUP WORK................................................................................14 Do we have such a community?..................................................................16 © Health and Welfare Sector Education and Training Authority (HWSETA) – 2010. 3 3. Activity: group work..................................................................................17 Let us assess the meaning of health in our community...........................17 4. ACTIVITY :PAIR WORK.............................................................................18 5. ACTIVITY :INDIVIDUAL WORK..........................................................................19 What do you think of Sophie situation?......................................................19 What do you think of Sophie’s son who stole the money?......................19 Can you let the son who stole the money come into your house? Why? .........................................................................................................................20 Is it fair for Sophie not to speak to her other two children? Why?..........20 What do you think of Sophie situation? (Group answer)..........................21 What do you think of Sophie’s son who stole the money? (Group answer)...........................................................................................................21 Can you let the son who stole the money come into your house? Why? (Group answer)..............................................................................................22 Is it fair for Sophie not to speak to her other two children? Why? (Group answer)...........................................................................................................22 8. ACTIVITY: GROUP WORK...............................................................................23 Scoring :.........................................................................................................24 10. Activity :INDIVIDUAL WORK........................................................................32 11. ACTIVITY :GROUP WORK............................................................................33 12. ACTIVITY :INDIVIDUAL WORK.......................................................................34 PERSONAL HYGIENE....................................................................................35 INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................35 13. ACTIVITY :PAIR WORK................................................................................37 MODULE 2......................................................................................................38 HOW OUR BODIES WORK............................................................................38 INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................38 © Health and Welfare Sector Education and Training Authority (HWSETA) – 2010. 4 Cells................................................................................................................39 The Skeleton...................................................................................................39 Muscles...........................................................................................................39 The heart and circulation of the blood........................................................39 The respiratory system.................................................................................39 The brain and the nervous system..............................................................40 The digestive system....................................................................................40 The genitor-urinary System..........................................................................40 This includes our kidneys, bladder and reproductive organs..................40 The Immune System......................................................................................40 Glands in the body fight disease and infections.......................................40 The endocrine system...................................................................................40 The system makes hormones that are chemicals that keep the body healthy.............................................................................................................40 MODULE 3......................................................................................................74 HEALTH PROMOTION...................................................................................74 COMMUNITY ACTION PLAN.........................................................................76 What are the (3) three common sicknesses in your community?............76 Let us write the answers on the flip chart...................................................76 The action that the community is involved in is at different levels;........76 Step 1: Make a community diagnosis...................................................77 Step 2 : Make a health education plan........................................................77 Step 3 : Make friends with the people you want to educate.....................78 Step 4 : Find people’s wants........................................................................78 Step 5 : Show people that they can have what they want.........................78 Step 6 : Record all health education activities...........................................78 © Health and Welfare Sector Education and Training Authority (HWSETA) – 2010. 5 Step 7 : Evaluate health education..............................................................78 2. ACTIVITY :PAIR WORK...................................................................................78 Phase 1 : preventative phase.......................................................................79 Phase 2 : promotive phase...........................................................................79 Phase 3 : rehabilitative phase......................................................................79 3. ACTIVITY : PAIR WORK.................................................................................79 PHYSICAL DISABILITIES............................................................................86 CONGENITAL DISABILITY..........................................................................86 DISABILITIES CAUSED BY INJURY...........................................................86 DISABILITIES CAUSED BY DISEASE........................................................86 DISABILITIES CAUSED BY MAINUTRITION..............................................87 MENTAL DISABILITIES...............................................................................87 CONGENITAL DISABILITIES.......................................................................87 MENTAL DISABILITIES CAUSED BY INJURY...........................................88 MENTAL DISABILITIES CAUSED BY DISEASE.........................................88 MENTAL DISABILITIES CAUSED BY MALNUTRITION.............................88 WHAT IS A DISEASE...................................................................................88 TYPES OF DISEASES.................................................................................89 NON-INFECTIONS DISEASES...................................................................89 ASTHMA.......................................................................................................90 HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE..........................................................................90 EPILEPSY....................................................................................................90 when a person has fits:.............................................................................90 ARTHRITIS...................................................................................................90 CANCER......................................................................................................91 © Health and Welfare Sector Education and Training Authority (HWSETA) – 2010. 6 signs and symptoms:................................................................................91 INFECTIONS DISEASES.............................................................................92 BACTERIA....................................................................................................93 DISEASES CAUSED BY BACTERIA.........................................................93 VIRUSES......................................................................................................94 VIRUSES......................................................................................................94 DISEASE CAUSED BY VIRUSES...............................................................94 SPREADING................................................................................................94 DISEASES CAUSED BY FUNGI.................................................................95 PARASITES..................................................................................................95 DISEASES CAUSED BY PARASITES.........................................................95 SOME COMMON DISEASE........................................................................95 DISEASES SPREAD BY DROPLET INFECTION.......................................95 MEASLES.....................................................................................................99 WHOOPING COUCILT.................................................................................99 DIPHTRERIA................................................................................................99 BRUCELLOSIS............................................................................................99 TYPHUS FEVER........................................................................................100 YELLOW FEVER........................................................................................100 MALARIA....................................................................................................100 BILHARZIA.................................................................................................100 CHOLERA..................................................................................................100 TETENUS...................................................................................................101 RABIES......................................................................................................101 WHO ARE SOUTH AFRICANS CITIZENS...................................................107 © Health and Welfare Sector Education and Training Authority (HWSETA) – 2010. 7 1. Activity 1 small Group work.............................................................108 A HEALTHY AND SAFE ENVIRONMENT .............................................................111 PARTICIPATION IN DECISION-MAKING..............................................................111 ACCESS TO HEALTHCARE..............................................................................111 KNOWLEDGE OF ONE’S HEALTH INSURANCE/MEDICAL AID SCHEME..................112 CHOICE OF HEALTH SERVICES.......................................................................112 BE TREATED BY A NAMED HEALTH CARE PROVIDER........................................113 CONFIDENTIALITY AND PRIVACY.....................................................................113 INFORMED CONSENT.....................................................................................113 REFUSAL OF TREATMENT..............................................................................113 CONTINUITY OF CARE...................................................................................113 COMPLAIN ABOUT HEALTH SERVICES.............................................................113 EVERY PATIENT OR CLIENT HAS THE FOLLOWING RESPONSIBILITIES:...............113 UNDERGOING HIV TEST.............................................................................142 WHAT IS VOLUNTARY COUNSELLING AND TESTING...........................................142 2.10 SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PEDIATRIC HIV..........................................147 THE PATIENT BILL OF RIGHTS OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV..............161 Sexual activities on a risk continuum.......................................................163 APPROACH TO TREATMENT SEXUALLY TRASMITTED INFECTIONS..178 The Syndromic approach...........................................................................178 Genital Ulcers in both men and women.................................................179 Non-drug treatment...............................................................................179 DRUG TREATMENT.....................................................................................179 Referral......................................................................................................179 INGUINAL SWELLING.................................................................................179 © Health and Welfare Sector Education and Training Authority (HWSETA) – 2010. 8 Clinical features........................................................................................179 Non -drug treatment...................................................................................180 Vaginal discharge / lower abdominal pain.............................................180 Non-drug treatment....................................................................................180 URETHRAL DISCHARGE IN MEN...............................................................180 Clinical features........................................................................................180 Non-drug treatment..................................................................................180 DRUG TREATMENT.....................................................................................181 PAINFUL SCROTAN SWELLING IN MEN...................................................181 NON-DRUG TREATMENT............................................................................181 DRUG TREATMENT.....................................................................................181 GENITAL WARTS.........................................................................................181 PUBIC LICE...................................................................................................181 Drug treatment..........................................................................................181 GENITAL SCABIES......................................................................................181 CLINICAL FEATURES..................................................................................181 NON-DRUG TREATMENT............................................................................182 DRUG TREATMENT.....................................................................................182 THE IMPACT OF HIV/AIDS PANDEMIC ON SOCIETIES...........................183 SEXUALITY...................................................................................................190 WORKPLACE RIGHTS.................................................................................211 18. Activity: pair work work..................................................................................212 HIV/AIDS: Regional statistics and features, Dec. 1997.............................214 AIDS AND TUBERCULOSIS........................................................................222 TYPES OF (TB) TUBERCULOSIS...............................................................223 © Health and Welfare Sector Education and Training Authority (HWSETA) – 2010. 9 WHAT CAUSES TUBERCULOSIS (TB)?....................................................223 WHAT IS THE MODE OF SPREAD?...........................................................223 WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TUBERCULOSIS?...........223 DIAGNOSIS OF (TB) TUBERCULOSIS.......................................................224 Clinical Signs............................................................................................224 Sputum Examination................................................................................224 WHY CONDUCT A NEEDS ASSESSMENT SURVEY?............................276 COMMUNITY A.............................................................................................279 COMMUNITY B.............................................................................................279 WHO SHOULD BE INVOLVED IN COMMUNITY NEEDS ASSESSMENT? ....................................................................................................................282 INDIVIDUALS.............................................................................................282 ORGANISATIONS......................................................................................282 INSTITUTION OF LEARNING...................................................................282 DONORS....................................................................................................283 COMMUNITIES..........................................................................................283 NEEDS ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES FOR COMMUNITY GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS.........................................................................................284 STRATEGY – The approach he will use to propose..................................284 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WHEN PLANNING NEEDS ASSESSMENT:..................285 2. Activity group work.........................................................................285 INSTRUCTIONS.........................................................................................286 NEEDS ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES..............
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