page_8 - definite function. Much emphasis is placed on the...

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< previous  page page_8 next page > Page 8 Figure 1.2 Lens and filter metaphor as a way of understanding hierarchy, and the notion of systemic metaphor as a means of organising our thoughts about messes 1.5 Machine Metaphor or "Closed System" View Much has been written on the machine view. In management and organisation theory, the machine view is typified by theories of bureaucracy
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(Weber) and scientific management (Taylor). A machine is recognised as a technical apparatus that has several (often standardised) parts each with a
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Unformatted text preview: definite function. Much emphasis is placed on the efficiency of the parts. The machine operates in a routine and repetitive fashion and performs predetermined sets of activities, seeking the rational and efficient means of reaching preset goals and objectives. More generally, much emphasis is placed on control while little emphasis is placed on environment. This view of problem situations has both strengths and weaknesses as outlined above. &lt; previous page page_8 next page &gt;...
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2011 for the course MGT 03 taught by Professor Kasra during the Spring '11 term at Tanta University.

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page_8 - definite function. Much emphasis is placed on the...

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