page_35 - COMPLEX-COERCIVE Each of these problem contexts...

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< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 no agreement over objectives is possible given present systemic arrangements. A problem context is, therefore, called unitary if the set of participants is unitary, pluralist if the set is pluralist and coercive if the relationships exhibit coercion. In general, problem contexts become more difficult to handle as they cease to be unitary since issues of "system" and organisation become confounded by misunderstanding, or even worse, any attempt to promote understanding is confounded by political-coercive forces. If the dimensions of systems and participants are now combined to yield what we will call a six-celled matrix, problem contexts can be seen to fall into the following ideal-type categories (see also Figure 2.1): SIMPLE-UNITARY COMPLEX-UNITARY
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Unformatted text preview: COMPLEX-COERCIVE Each of these problem contexts differs in a meaningful way from the others and its integrated characteristics are found usefully to reflect types of "problem issue". The charting of these six "ideal type" problem contexts implies the need for six types of "problem-solving" methodology. This provides a very convenient means of grouping available systems approaches. 2.3 Grouping Types of Systems Methodology The purpose of this section is to see how the assumptions underpinning existing systems approaches reflect the problem contexts identified in UNITARY PLURALIST COERCIVE SIMPLE Simple-Unitary Simple-Pluralist Simple-Coercive COMPLEX Complex-Unitary Complex-Pluralist Complex-Coercive Figure 2.1 An "ideal type" grouping of problem contexts < previous page page_35 next page >...
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