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< previous page page_145 next page > Page 145 world", out there, is a myth. Objectivity in the field of social systems science has to be rethought. Purposeful behaviour cannot be value- free. Objectivity, therefore, should be seen as resulting from the open interaction of multifarious individual subjectivities. It is "value-full", not value-free. From this, stem a number of significant Ackovian conclusions. The need for wide participation and involvement in planning and design follows. So does the notion that "rationality" should be seen interactively. The attribution of irrationality by an analyst to a client, for example, is simply a statement that their models of reality differ. If the analyst would serve that client, he/she would be better off attributing rationality to the client and irrationality to himself/herself, so that improvement is sought in terms of the client's own criteria. Also linked, is the idea that one of the major banes of the professional planner's life, how to quantify quality of life
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