page_150 - systems analysisgiving a detailed picture of the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
< previous page page_150 next page > Page 150 7.4 IP Methodology 7.4.1 Introductio n There are five phases of interactive planning. These, however, must be regarded as constituting a systemic process, so the phases may be started in any order and none of the phases, let alone the whole process, should ever be regarded as completed. The five phases are: formulating the mess; ends planning;
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
means planning; resource planning; design of implementation and control. 7.4.2 Formulating the Mess During this stage "problems" and prospects, and threats and opportunities facing the organisation are highlighted. A recommended way of doing this is to work out the future the system is currently in . This is a projection of the future that the organisation would be faced with if it did nothing about things, and if developments in its environment continued in an entirely predictable way. Such a projection requires, according to Ackoff, three
Background image of page 2
types of study:
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: systems analysisgiving a detailed picture of the organisation and how it works, who it affects and how, and its relationship with its environment; an obstruction analysissetting out any obstacles to corporate development; preparation of reference projectionswhich extrapolate on the organisation's present performance in order to predict future performance if nothing is done and trends in the environment continue as now. Synthesising the results of these three types of study yields a reference scenario which is a formulation of the mess the organisation is currently in. 7.4.3 Ends Planning Ends planning concerns specifying the ends to be pursued in terms of ideals, objectives and goals. The process begins with &quot;idealised design&quot;, which is both the most unique and most essential feature of Ackoff's approach. An idealised design is a design for the organisation which the &lt; previous page page_150 next page &gt;...
View Full Document

Page1 / 4

page_150 - systems analysisgiving a detailed picture of the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online