page_153 - will be required and how it can be obtained if...

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< previous page page_153 next page > Page 153 the future the organisation would like to have. During Stage 3, means planning, policies and proposals are generated and examined with a view to deciding whether they are capable of helping to fill the gap between the desired future and the way the future looks like being at the moment. Creativity is needed to discover ways of bringing the organisation towards the desirable future invented by its stakeholders. Alternative means to reach the specified ends must be carefully evaluated and a selection made. 7.4.5 Resource Planning During this stage of planning, Ackoff recommends that four types of resource should be taken into account: inputsmaterials, supplies,
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energy and services; facilities and equipmentcapital investments; personnel ; money. For each type of resource, questions have to be asked in relation to the chosen means. For example, it must be determined how much of each resource is required, when it
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Unformatted text preview: will be required, and how it can be obtained if it is not already held. 7.4.6 Design of Implementation and Control This "final" phase of interactive planning concerns itself with seeing that all the decisions made hitherto are carried out. "Who is to do what, when, where and how?" is decided. Implementation is achieved and continually monitored to ensure that plans are being realised and that desired results are being achieved. The outcome is fed back into the planning process so that learning is possible and improvements can be devised. So much for the philosophy and principles behind interactive planning and the details of the methodology, we now need to see it at work. 7.5 IP in Action: The Example of Super Fresh 7.5.1 Introductio n In this section we are going to consider an interactive planning consultancy worked on by members of INTERACT, the Institute for < previous page page_153 next page >...
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2011 for the course MGT 03 taught by Professor Kasra during the Spring '11 term at Tanta University.

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page_153 - will be required and how it can be obtained if...

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