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Unformatted text preview: for some agreed course of action to follow. Until very recently, however, there has been a gap in the systems tradition, in that there has been no systems approach which has provided a means for critically reflecting either upon the goals attained and means used by hard systems thinking, or upon the nature of the consensus achieved and the changes brought about through soft systems thinking. In this respect Ulrich's book Critical Heuristics of Social Planning , published in 1983, fills a major gap in the literature. The aim in this book is nothing less than to set out an appropriate philosophy for an emancipatory systems approach, and to develop a method which can be used by < previous page page_197 next page >...
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- Spring '11