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< previous page page_197 next page > Page 197 Chapter 9 Critical Systems Heuristics (CSH) This much is certain, that whoever has once tasted critique will be ever after disgusted with all dogmatic twaddle . . . Immanuel Kant, Prolegomena 9.1 Introductio n The systems tradition has long been strong in methodologies for the efficient design of systems to achieve known goals. In this volume system dynamics and viable system diagnosis attest, in their different ways, to this strength. More recently Churchman, Mason and Mitroff, Ackoff and Checkland have provided soft systems methodologies capable of operating in situations where there is a lack of agreement over goals
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among the different participants, and capable in pluralistic situations of achieving sufficient consensus
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Unformatted text preview: for some agreed course of action to follow. Until very recently, however, there has been a gap in the systems tradition, in that there has been no systems approach which has provided a means for critically reflecting either upon the goals attained and means used by hard systems thinking, or upon the nature of the consensus achieved and the changes brought about through soft systems thinking. In this respect Ulrich's book Critical Heuristics of Social Planning , published in 1983, fills a major gap in the literature. The aim in this book is nothing less than to set out an appropriate philosophy for an emancipatory systems approach, and to develop a method which can be used by &lt; previous page page_197 next page &gt;...
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page_197 - for some agreed course of action to follow....

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