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< previous page page_203 next page > Page 203 self-reflectiveness and self- determination), as well as the dimensions of space and time. Plans have a "meaning" to concerned actors and "matter" to them. A "pragmatic'' mapping dimension which respects human intentionality and human purposefulness is, therefore, necessary in dealing with social reality. This somewhat abstruse idea lies behind Ulrich's advocacy of a "purposeful systems paradigm" and his insistence that social systems be adequately designed to become purposeful systemsotherwise they are likely to serve people and purposes other than those intended. By specifying what is meant by purposeful systems, Ulrich is also able to reveal shortcomings in mechanistic and organismic designs. Very briefly, in a purposeful system, the ability to determine the purpose must be spread throughout the system; the system should produce knowledge relevant to purposes and encourage debate about purposes; and all plans or proposals for design should
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2011 for the course MGT 03 taught by Professor Kasra during the Spring '11 term at Tanta University.

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