Technological - TechnologicalEnvironment Chapter6...

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Technological Environment Chapter-6 K. Aswathappa
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What is Technology? Systematic application of scientific or other organized knowledge to practical tasks Science refers to a systemized body of knowledge and when this knowledge is put into practice, it becomes technology Science and technology are inter-dependent Advances in science help develop new technologies while at the same time the need for new technologies and products provide the drive for new scientific discoveries
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Differences Features Science Technology Funding Mostly government Industry Motivation To satisfy curiosity To bring out need satisfying products Impact Discontinuous Continuous Agencies involved Research institutions and universities Industrial establishments Domain Public Private/ secret In pursuit of Knowledge Socio-economic gains
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Features of Technology Change Future Shock- change may come so fast that it approaches the level of human tolerance and people may lose their ability to cope with it successfully Time gap between idea and implementation is falling rapidly Time between introduction and peak production is shortening considerably Widespread Effect Self-Reinforcing Acts as a multiplier to encourage its own faster development
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Impact of Technology 1.Technology and Social Change Technology reaches people through business Business pulls necessary resources and works on new discoveries to convert them into useful products High expectations of consumers Poses a challenge and an opportunity for the business institutions
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System Complexity Complex composition Inter-dependence of systems Social Change Change in social life Change in patterns of social life Changes in status Changes in the way we communicate Technological phases & social system they create (5 phases)
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Technological - TechnologicalEnvironment Chapter6...

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